He sees young people’s experiences of exclusion and humiliation as one of the main causes of juvenile delinquency. "Social exclusion is perceived as a pain. And pain increases the propensity to violence," the scientist explained at the start of the 29th world cup. German youth court day on saturday in nurnberg. The neurobiologist, who is also a doctor for psychiatry and psychotherapy, therefore called for appropriate consequences in dealing with delinquent youths.
In bauer’s experience, exclusion often starts in the family – "especially when families are excluded as a whole," bauer said. It’s also a problem when families break up and young people are left without a bond. "Exclusion is then repeated at school. And if a young person is then excluded from school, this often results in serious criminal acts," bauer pointed out.
Instead of juvenile punishment, the university lecturer advocates helping young people to achieve a "change of perspective": young people had to learn to take on the perspective of their victim. According to bauer’s findings, the ability of people to put themselves in the shoes of others, which is important in social interaction, develops between the ages of 3 and 6. And 22. Year of life. Young people who develop this ability at a late stage therefore need support from experts.
Federal justice minister sabine leutheusser-schnarrenberger (FDP) rejected calls for tightening juvenile criminal law at the youth court conference. "The statistics have been showing a decline in the number of offences committed by juveniles for years". Although there are always individual cases in which young people have committed serious crimes, these do not justify any tightening of the penal code. The existing measures for delinquent juveniles were considered sufficient.
The justice minister, on the other hand, sees a need to catch up in the qualification of youth judges, youth prosecutors and police officers. They needed to be made more aware of the effects of sanctioning instruments for young offenders during their training, she stressed. However, this is a matter for the federal states, and many of them are still hesitating because they are afraid of the additional expense, the FDP politician said. The federal government is therefore considering developing federal legal guidelines for this purpose.