Software Of Singleton and Delegated Properties | by Dev Soni

A easy strategy to create a Singleton class in Android is :

Now we all know that earlier than onCreate invoke, we is not going to use an occasion, so the occasion is at all times non-nullable.

This answer appears a bit bizarre. We have to outline a property after which a operate to return that property.

Do now we have one other strategy to get an identical end result? Yeah, we will delegate the worth of a property to a different class. These are generally often known as delegated properties.

There are some frequent behaviors we may have in a property that will be fascinating to be reused, akin to lazy values or observable properties. As a substitute of repeatedly declaring the identical code, Kotlin offers a strategy to delegate the code a property wants to a different class. This is named delegated property.

Once we use to get or set from a property, the getValue and setValue of the delegated property are known as.

The T is the kind of property that’s delegating its conduct. The getValue operate receives a reference to the category and the metadata of the property. The setValue operate additionally receives the worth that’s being assigned. If the property is immutable (Val), it would solely require the getValue operate. That is how the property delegate is assigned:

class Instance { var p: String by Delegate() }

Customary Delegates

There exists a set of commonplace delegates included within the Kotlin commonplace library. These are the commonest conditions the place a delegate is admittedly helpful, however we might additionally create our personal.


It takes a lambda that’s executed the primary time getValue is known as, so the initialization of the property is delayed as much as that second. Subsequent calls will return the identical worth. That is very fascinating for issues that aren’t at all times crucial and/or require another components to be prepared earlier than this one is used. We will save reminiscence and skip the initialization till the property is required.

By default, the analysis of lazy properties is synchronized: the worth is computed solely in a single thread, however all threads will see the identical worth. If the synchronization of the initialization delegate shouldn’t be required to permit a number of threads to execute it concurrently, go LazyThreadSafetyMode.PUBLICATION as a parameter to lazy().

Should you’re positive that the initialization will at all times occur in the identical thread because the one the place you employ the property, you should utilize LazyThreadSafetyMode.NONE. It does not incur any thread-safety ensures and associated overhead.


This delegate will assist us detect adjustments on any property we have to observe. It’ll execute the lambda expression we specify, each time the set operate is known as. So after the brand new worth is assigned, we obtain the delegated property, the previous worth, and the new one.

This instance represents some sort of ViewModel class that’s conscious of my property adjustments and saves them to the database each time a brand new worth is assigned.


This can be a particular sort of observable that permits you to resolve whether or not the worth have to be saved or not. It may be used to examine some situations earlier than saving a price.

One on a regular basis use case is storing the values of properties in a map. This usually comes up in functions like parsing JSON or performing different dynamic duties. On this case, you should utilize the map occasion because the delegate for a delegated property.

On this instance, the constructor takes a map:

Delegated properties take values from this map via string keys, that are related to the names of properties:

This additionally works for var’s properties in the event you use a MutableMap as a substitute of a read-only Map:

Learn how to create a customized delegate

Let’s say we would like, as an example, to create a non-nullable delegate that may solely be assigned as soon as. The second time it’s assigned, it would throw an exception. Kotlin library offers a few interfaces our delegates should implement: ReadOnlyProperty and ReadWriteProperty. The one which ought to be used is determined by whether or not the delegated property is val or var.

We will create Customized Delegate Properties in Android View Binding to get rid of lateinit var in binding.

The very first thing we will do is to create a category that extends ReadWriteProperty:

This delegate can work over any non-nullable sort. It’ll obtain a reference of an object of any sort, and use T as the kind of the getter and the setter.

Now we have to implement the strategies.

  • The getter will return a price if it’s assigned, in any other case it would throw an exception.
  • The setter will assign the worth whether it is nonetheless null, in any other case it would throw an exception.

Now let’s create an object with a operate that gives your new delegate:

Now let’s create an object of App class by utilizing customized delegates :
var occasion: App by DelegatesExt.notNullSingleValue()

That is it. Thanks for studying; please remember to clap and comply with for brand spanking new articles about superior kotlin .

Stayed Tuned…

Purchase me a espresso

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Articles